Case Studies

Case Studies

San Francisco: Executive Directive

For being such a compact, walkable city, San Francisco was surprisingly dangerous for pedestrians. More than 3,500 pedestrians were injured in the city between the years of 2005 and 2008. The figure amounted to more than 800 annual average pedestrian injuries a year—more than 100 of which were severe or fatal injuries. San Francisco’s city … Continue reading San Francisco: Executive Directive

Chicago: Pedestrian Advisory Council

Former Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley created the Mayor’s Pedestrian Advisory Council (MPAC) in 2006 after learning that the city of Chicago had the third-highest number of pedestrian fatalities in the country. (Until then, regular safety-data analyses performed by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning did not include pedestrian safety.) MPAC is co-chaired by the … Continue reading Chicago: Pedestrian Advisory Council

France: Prioritize Pedestrians

Inspired by Belgium’s 2004 street code, France adapted its street code in 2008 to reflect the philosophy that all street users should be able to move about safely, no matter their age, physical abilities, or mode of travel. The updated street code instituted a general principle of prudence, specifying that each street user must show … Continue reading France: Prioritize Pedestrians

Denver: Pedestrian Master Plan

Denver created a 2004 Pedestrian Master Plan as a response to previous citywide planning documents. Its 2000 Comprehensive Plan directed the city to provide more transportation choices and encourage modes that reduced impacts on urban environments. Blueprint Denver, which followed a year later, referred to the pedestrian environment as the city’s primary transportation element and … Continue reading Denver: Pedestrian Master Plan

Seattle: Performance Measures

Seattle’s Pedestrian Master Plan specified performance measures for each of its four main goals. Performance measures for its safety goal to reduce the number and severity of crashes involving pedestrians include: The rate of crashes involving pedestrians Vehicle speeds along identified corridors School participation in pedestrian-safety, education, and encouragement programs The incidence of safe behaviors by drivers and pedestrian, … Continue reading Seattle: Performance Measures

Minnesota: Integrating Accessibility

In 2002, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) realized that its response to Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 was due for an update. The department’s original needs assessment and retrofit of curb ramps needed upgrading, the department still lacked an ADA Transition Plan, and the Access Board had just released … Continue reading Minnesota: Integrating Accessibility

Minnesota: Complete Streets

The Minnesota Complete Streets Coalition has had remarkable success: Minnesota passed a Complete Streets policy in 2008 and then turned Complete Streets language into law in 2010. To date, 25 communities within the state have adopted Complete Streets policies. The Coalition’s success can be traced to the strength of its partnerships, which it has cultivated … Continue reading Minnesota: Complete Streets

Washington: Health Impact Assessments

The Clark County, WA, Public Health Department collaborated with the Department of Community Planning to conduct a comprehensive Health Impact Assessment (HIA) for the County’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan. Adopted in 2010, the Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan identifies policies and projects to facilitate cycling and walking. The planning and public-health departments conducted an … Continue reading Washington: Health Impact Assessments

Standish: Form-Based Codes

A town of about 10,000 citizens 18 miles west of Portland, ME, adopted a new comprehensive plan in 2006 with the main goal of conserving the town’s rural character while directing most of its future growth into village centers. While the plan set the policy direction for future growth, many details of how that future … Continue reading Standish: Form-Based Codes

Seattle: Parking Management

Seattle’s parking-management strategy dates back to its first Comprehensive Plan, adopted in 1994 in response to Washington State’s 1990 Growth Management Act. The state mandated city and county comprehensive plans and defined their goals, which included reducing urban sprawl and encouraging in-fill development. Within that political framework, Seattle created a Comprehensive Plan based on an … Continue reading Seattle: Parking Management