Tactics

Tactics

Create Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

TOD is a compact, high-density, mixed-use development benefiting from its proximity to transit by supporting transit use, walking, and cycling. Guidance Create a strategic station-area development plan incorporating public input, and ideally backed by existing zoning regulations that recognize TOD principles Where existing regulations do not encourage TOD, proposed zoning exemptions could include reduced parking … Continue reading Create Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

Retrofit Street, Walking, and Bicycle Connections into Existing Suburbs

The construction of new street, bicycle, and/or pedestrians connections between existing streets on municipal land or private property. Guidance Finish connecting on existing rights-of-way paired with infrastructure improvements for community cooperation Investigate potential utility easements, alleyways, and planned streets that were never constructed as potential rights-of-way for connections Purchase private land lots, construct the desired … Continue reading Retrofit Street, Walking, and Bicycle Connections into Existing Suburbs

Add Street-Connectivity Minimums into Subdivision Ordinances

Subdivision and zoning ordinances can establish a minimum level of street connectivity for future residential developments to create neighborhoods that are conducive to walking, bicycling, and transit use. Street connectivity consists of a road and/or path network that provides multiple routes and connections between destinations. It includes parallel routes, cross connections, many points of access, … Continue reading Add Street-Connectivity Minimums into Subdivision Ordinances

Manage Parking to Promote Walking

A combined set of policies (often under the jurisdiction of multiple municipal agencies) to manage the supply of parking in order to reduce car use and encourage development where people can walk to their destinations. Land-use zoning, tax policies, curbside regulations, and subdivision ordinances are all means of regulating the provision and use of parking. … Continue reading Manage Parking to Promote Walking

Support Street Life with Mixed-Use, Form-Based Zoning

Form-based zoning codes are legal regulations that direct the physical form and placement of buildings within communities. Form-based codes focus on the relationship between buildings and the streetscape, generally with the goal of creating appealing, pedestrian-oriented public spaces. In contrast, traditional zoning regulations focus on separating residential, commercial, and manufacturing uses and do not determine … Continue reading Support Street Life with Mixed-Use, Form-Based Zoning

Assess Pedestrian Projects, Plans or Policies with Health Impact Assessment

Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a process that analyzes the potential health impacts of a proposed plan, project, or policy that is typically outside the public health realm, such as transportation or land use decisions. An HIA provides evidence to help health be considered in that decision-making process. An HIA usually suggests ways of mitigating, … Continue reading Assess Pedestrian Projects, Plans or Policies with Health Impact Assessment

Adopt a Complete Streets Policy

While traditional traffic engineering designs streets primarily for vehicles, a Complete Streets policy directs transportation planners and engineers to design and operate rights-of-way for safe access for everyone on the street, regardless of age, ability, or mode of transportation. Guidance Build a Complete Streets coalition with transportation planners and engineers, public health professionals, public officials, … Continue reading Adopt a Complete Streets Policy

Incorporate PROWAG into Pedestrian Policies

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires ADA transition plans for jurisdictions. The Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right Of Way (proposed PROWAG) provide technical specifications required to make walking infrastructure accessible to people of all abilities. Once the Access Board issues its final rule, the Department of Justice and the Department … Continue reading Incorporate PROWAG into Pedestrian Policies

Use Measurable Performance Indicators in Pedestrian Policies

Measurable performance indicators are crucial elements of evaluating the effectiveness of a policy. Policies should specify goals and objectives for each initiative and create a set of indicators, or performance measures, that can be tracked to assess the effectiveness of that initiative. A monitoring program should also set a regular schedule for data collection and … Continue reading Use Measurable Performance Indicators in Pedestrian Policies

Develop a Pedestrian Master Plan

A pedestrian master plan provides an overview of the walking transportation network and identifies improvements that will enhance and encourage walking throughout the community. Guidance Create a public-outreach process to solicit and incorporate the perspectives of multiple stakeholders: walking and mobility-advocacy groups, residents, business owners and developers, elected officials, and media Create a technical outreach … Continue reading Develop a Pedestrian Master Plan