Resources & Data


Reports on the Economic Value of Walkability-Active Transportation

Reports on the Economic Value of Walkability-Active Transportation

As of 9/2011 Resources provided by the
Walkable and Livable Communities Institute

CPF (2008), Economic Benefits of Cycling for Australia, Cycling Promotion Fund (; at

Kevin Krizek (2007), “Estimating the Economic Benefits of Bicycling and Bicycle Facilities: an Interpretive Review and Proposed Methods,” Essays on Transport Economics, Physica-Verlag HD, Springer (; at

Lawrence Frank and Sarah Kavage (2009), “Seattle Area Looks At How Walkable Community Design Can Cut Global Warming,” New Urban News (, June; at

Thomas Gotschi and Kevin Mills (2008), Active Transportation for America: A Case for Increased Federal Investment in Bicycling and Walking, Rail-To-Trails Conservancy (; at

Jessica Y. Guo and Sasanka Gandavarapu (2010), “An Economic Evaluation Of Health-Promotive Built Environment Changes,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 50, Supplement 1, January 2010, pp. S44-S49; at .

Susan Handy (2009), “Walking, Bicycling, and Health,” Healthy, Equitable Transportation Policy: Recommendations And Research, PolicyLink and the Prevention Institute Convergence Partnership (

LAW (2009), Economic Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure Investments, League of American Bicyclists ( and the Alliance for Biking & Walking (; at

Todd Litman (2003), “Economic Value of Walkability,” Transportation Research Record 1828, Transportation Research Board (, pp. 3-11; at

Todd Litman (2004), Quantifying the Benefits of Non-Motorized Transport for Achieving TDM Objectives, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at

Kjartan Sælensminde (2004), “Cost-Benefit Analysis of Walking and Cycling Track Networks Taking Into Account Insecurity, Health Effects and External Costs of Motor Vehicle Traffic,” Transportation Research A, Vol. 38, No. 8 (, Oct. 2004, pp. 593-606; at