Case Studies

Case Studies

PA & NJ: Context-Sensitive Design

In 2008, the Pennsylvania and New Jersey departments of transportation, in collaboration with the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission, published The Smart Transportation Guidebook. The publication provided the framework for updating all other DOT processes around six tenants: Adapt solutions to the context, tailor the approach, plan projects with community collaboration, accommodate alternative transportation modes, … Continue reading PA & NJ: Context-Sensitive Design

Seattle: Sidewalk Network Analysis

Seattle used a GIS-based approach to prioritize potential sidewalk projects. The city first analyzed sidewalk needs based on the presence and characteristics of existing sidewalks, such as physical buffers, traffic speeds and volumes, and block length. The city then analyzed sidewalks based on three demand analyses—potential pedestrian demand, socioeconomic / health equity, and corridor function—and … Continue reading Seattle: Sidewalk Network Analysis

New York: Planning for Multiple Modes

In 2009, NYC Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) and MTA New York City Transit (NYCT) teamed up to design and implement the M15 Select Bus Service (SBS) line along First and Second Avenues in Manhattan. The SBS project, which was modeled after bus rapid transit to provide subway-like service with buses, aimed to meet goals previously … Continue reading New York: Planning for Multiple Modes

New York: Slow Zones

In November 2011, the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) launched its first Neighborhood Slow Zone pilot program in the Claremont neighborhood of the Bronx. The area was selected for its relatively high frequency of serious traffic crashes and for its definable boundaries that could be easily marked for a zone. The goal of … Continue reading New York: Slow Zones

Toronto: Arterial Street Redesigns

Kingston Road, a six-lane highway in Toronto, Ontario, became the subject of several “revisioning” sessions. The first of these visions emerged from a two-week design charette sponsored by Canadian Architect magazine and the City of Toronto in 2006, which recommended an incremental design strategy. The vision include pocket parks connecting crosswalks and medians, and temporary … Continue reading Toronto: Arterial Street Redesigns

New York: Pedestrian Plazas

The New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) removed two of four vehicular lanes along Broadway between Columbus Circle and Union Square in Midtown Manhattan (a distance of 2 miles) and built a buffered bicycle lane and pedestrian plazas using temporary materials like textured paint and roadway markings in the newly freed roadway space. This … Continue reading New York: Pedestrian Plazas

San Francisco: Data Collection

In addition to conducting manual pedestrian counts and installing automatic counters at select locations, the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA) recently created a pedestrian-volume model to extrapolate walking activity across a larger swath of the city. SFMTA first conducted manual and automated pedestrian counts at 50 study intersections with a variety of characteristics, from … Continue reading San Francisco: Data Collection

Kansas City: Pedestrian Criteria

When creating its 2003 Walkability Plan, the Kansas City Planning and Development Department modeled its pedestrian-system evaluation criteria on the concept of automobile level of service or LOS. Level of service is a measurement of delay ranging from A to F. Kansas City created pedestrian level-of-service criteria that measured directness, continuity, street crossings, visual interest and … Continue reading Kansas City: Pedestrian Criteria

New York: Analyze Person Delay

New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) wanted to create a transit-friendly review process for proposed projects that better recognized the transportation efficiency of buses. So NYCDOT worked with the Mayor’s Office of Environmental Coordination to require person-delay calculations for proposed transportation or land-use projects that affect bus lanes. The new requirements were written into … Continue reading New York: Analyze Person Delay

UK: Pedestrian-Detecting Signals

The United Kingdom had two main types of pedestrian signal treatments: Puffin signals and Pelican signals. A Pelican signal treatment consisted of a nearside push button to trigger the walk phase, a standard timed walk phase based on the street length and average walking pace, and a farside pedestrian signal that beamed a green light … Continue reading UK: Pedestrian-Detecting Signals